First Long-term Oncologic Results of the ALPPS Procedure in a Large Cohort of Patients With Colorectal Liver Metastases
Objectives: To analyze long-term oncological outcome along with prognostic
risk factors in a large cohort of patients with colorectal liver metastases
(CRLM) undergoing ALPPS.
Background: ALPPS is a two-stage hepatectomy variant that increases
resection rates and R0 resection rates in patients with primarily unresectable CRLM as evidenced in a recent randomized controlled trial. Long-term oncologic results, however, are lacking.
Methods: Cases in- and outside the International ALPPSRegistry were collected and completed by direct contacts to ALPPS centers to secure a comprehensive cohort. Overall, cancer-specific (CSS), and recurrence-free (RFS) survivals were analyzed along with independent risk factors using Cox-regression analysis.
Results: The cohort included 510 patients from 22 ALPPS centers over a 10-
year period. Ninety-day mortality was 4.9% and median overall survival, CSS, and RFS were 39, 42, and 15 months, respectively. The median follow-up time was 38 months (95% confidence interval 32–43 months). Multivariate analysis identified tumor-characteristics (primary T4, right colon), biological features (K/N-RAS status), and response to chemotherapy (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) as independent predictors of CSS. Traditional factors such as size of metastases, uni versus bilobar involvement, and liver first approach were not predictive. When hepatic recurrences after ALPPS was amenable to surgical/ablative treatment, median CSS was significantly superior compared to chemotherapy alone (56 vs 30 months, P < 0.001).