CO2 abdominal insufflation decreases local and systemic inflammatory response in experimental acute pancreatitis

Machado MC, Coelho AM, Martins JO, Sampietre SN, Molan NA, Patzina RA, Machado MA, JancarS.
Pancreas 2009 [in press]



PDF (409 KB)

Objectives: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a serious disease that is amplified by an associated systemic inflammatory response. We investigated the effect of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on the local and systemic inflammatory response in AP. Methods: Acute pancreatitis was induced in Wistar rats by 5% taurocholate intraductal injection. Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum was applied for 30 minutes before the induction of AP. Inflammatory parameters were evaluated in the peritoneum (ascites, cell number, and tumor necrosis factor > [TNF->]), serum (amylase, TNF->, interleukin-6 [IL-6], and IL-10), pancreas (myeloperoxidase [MPO] activity, cyclo- oxygenase 2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression, and histological diagnosis), liver, and lung (mitochondria dysfunction and MPO activity). Results: Abdominal insufflation with CO2 before induction of AP caused a significant decrease in ascites volume, cells, and TNF-> in the peritoneal cavity and in serum TNF-> and IL-6 but not IL-10 levels. In the pancreas, this treatment reduced MPO activity, acinar and fat necrosis, and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase 2. There were no significant differences on serum amylase levels, liver mitochondrial function, and pulmonary MPO between groups. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated that CO2 pneumoperitoneum reduced pancreatic inflammation and attenuated systemic inflammatory response in AP. This article suggests that CO2 pneumoperitoneum plays a critical role on the better outcome in patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreatic surgery..