Laparoscopic resection of left liver segments using the intrahepatic Glissonian approach
Machado MA, Makdissi FF, Surjan RC, Herman P, Teixeira AR, Machado MC
Surg Endosc 2009; 23: 1391.



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BACKGROUND: Recent advances in laparoscopic techniques have resulted in growing indications for laparoscopic hepatectomy. However, this procedure has not been widely developed, and anatomic segmental liver resection is not currently performed due to difficulty controlling the segmental Glissonian pedicles laparoscopically. This study aimed to report a novel technique for laparoscopic anatomic resection of left liver segments using the intrahepatic Glissonian approach based on small incisions according to anatomic landmarks such as Arantius' and round ligaments. METHODS: Nine consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection using the intrahepatic Glissonian technique from April 2007 to June 2008. Five patients underwent laparoscopic bisegmentectomy 2-3, one laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy, two resections of segment 3, and one resection of segment 4. RESULTS: One patient required a blood transfusion. The mean operation time was 180 min (range, 120-300 min), and the median hospital stay was 3 days (range, 1-5 days). No patient had postoperative signs of liver failure or bile leakage. No postoperative mortality was observed. CONCLUSION: The main advantage of the intrahepatic Glissonian procedure over other techniques is the possibility of gaining a rapid and precise access to the left Glissonian sheaths facilitating left hemihepatectomy, bisegmentectomy 2-3, and individual resections of segments 2, 3, and 4. The authors believe that the intrahepatic Glissonian technique facilitates laparoscopic liver resection and may increase the development of segment-based laparoscopic liver resection.