A canine model of laparoscopic segmental liver resection.
Machado MA, Galvão FH, Pompeu E, Ribeiro C, Bacchella T, Machdao MC.

J. Laparosc Endosc Adv. Surg Tech. 2004 14(5):325-328.



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Laparoscopic hepatectomy has been recently proposed for the treatment of liver tumors, however there is a lack of experimental models to study surgical technique and the metabolic reactions after this procedure. The dog is an important animal for research but the laparoscopic hepatectomy model is not well established in this animal. We describe the surgical laparoscopic technique of left liver segmentectomy in the dog and the preliminary results of this procedure. Female dogs weighting more then 15 kg were used. Four transversal abdominal incisions (two of 1 cm and two of 0.5 cm) were made for the introduction of the video camera and the other laparoscopic instruments. The liver was inspected and the left lobe was mobilized through incision of the left triangular hepatic ligament. The vascular pedicle corresponding to the left medial lobe (corresponding to segment II) was identified, dissected, and clamped, delimiting a correspondent ischemic area. The hepatic parenchyma was divided according to the previous delimitation with minimum bleeding. The segment of the liver was then removed through an enlarged abdominal incision. The incisions were closed by continuous suture. The mean time of the procedure was forty minutes. We observed normal clinical evolution without any sign of complications due to the hepatic resection, and normal augmentation of body weight on follow-up of more than 3 months. Left hepatectomy in the dog is a viable procedure and may serve for surgical training and development of research projects in this field.