Exposure of Splenic Hilum Increases Safety of Laparoscopic Splenectomy.
Machado MA, Makdissi FF, Herman P, Montagnini AL, Sallum RA, Machado MC.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2004 14(1):23-25.



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Laparoscopic splenectomy is becoming the gold standard technique for the treatment of hematological disorders of the spleen. Hemostasis is a fundamental step during laparoscopic splenectomy leading some authors to develop several techniques to control splenic vessels such as hand assistance, preoperative splenic artery embolization, and the use of vascular linear staplers. However, intraoperative bleeding is usually due to inadequate exposure of the hilar splenic vessels itself. The authors describe a standardized technique for the exposure of splenic pedicle using an endoscopic triangular retractor. We have been used this technique in 16 consecutive laparoscopic splenectomies with minimal blood loss. The present technique may increase the safety of laparoscopic splenectomy with adequate exposure of the splenic hilum reducing the conversion rate and intraoperative blood loss.