Surgical treatment of cicatricial biliary strictures.
Cunha, J.E.M.; Machado, M.C.C.; Herman, P.; Bacchella, T.; Abdo, E.E.; Penteado, S.; Jukemura, J.; Montagnini , A.L.; M achado, M.A.C.; Pinotti , H.W.)
Hepatogastroenterology , 45(23):1452-56, 1998.



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BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cicatricial biliary strictures are usually associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, frequently related to technical difficulties of their surgical repair, mainly in hilar lesions. Interference with bile duct blood supply during surgical attempts for correction is a major factor for unsuccessful results. The aim of this study is to evaluate, after an extended follow-up period, the results obtained with a modified technique for surgical correction of cicatricial biliary strictures. METHODOLOGY: The medical records of 57 patients surgically treated for cicatricial biliary strictures between January 1984 and July 1995 were reviewed and the immediate and long term results retrospectively analyzed. Patients consisted of 46 females and 11 males. The average age was 43 years. The etiology of the biliary lesion was: cholecystectomy alone (23); cholecystectomy with duct exploration (8); T tube CBD drainage (6); Biliary-enteric anastomosis stricture (16); choledochoplasty (2) and trauma (2). In 28 cases (49.1%) the stricture was located in the upper third of the bile duct, in 28 (49.1%) in the middle third and in one case (1.7%) it was low. All patients were submitted to longitudinal Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy with mucosa apposition after dissection of the anterior aspect of the biliary tract. No transanastomotic stents were used. RESULTS: Ten patients (17.5%) presented 11 postoperative complications: biliary fistula (4), duodenal fistula (1), wound infection (5), and acute pancreatitis (1). Average hospital stay was 11 days and there were no postoperative mortalities. The follow-up study was possible in 54 patients and ranged from one to ten years, with an average of 2.9 years. Four patients of 28 (14%) with hilar lesions developed stricture recurrence and cholangitis episodes, whereas no patients bearing lesions below the biliary junction had such complications. CONCLUSION: Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy with mucosa apposition without transanastomotic stent performed after minimal dissection of the biliary duct, thus avoiding major interference with the bile duct blood supply, is a safe and efficient method for the surgical repair of cicatricial biliary strictures. Using this technique excellent results can be obtained in the lesions below the biliary junction and acceptable results may be achieved in patients with hilar lesions.