Traitement chirurgical des hepatocarcinomes sur cirrhose.
Launois, B.; Chauvin, J.; Machado, M.A.C. ; Bourdonnec, P.; Campion, J.P.; Bardaxoglou, E.
Bull. Acad. Natle. Méd. 179(6):1225-1235, 1995.



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In 1986, our institution published the first results of surgical resection of hepatocarcinoma in cirrhotic patients. The aim of this paper is to present long term results of this surgical management. From April 1978 to February 1992, 74 patients were operated on at the surgical clinic of University Medical Center of Rennes (35000) France . There were 60 hepatectomies and 14 transplantations. The mean age was 60.2 years ± 9 years and the sex ratio: 70 males and 4 females. The etiology was alcoholic in 43 patients (58%) , post hepatitis (B and C) in 22 patients (30%) and due to hemochromatosis in 9 patients (12%). According to the Child-Pugh classification, 48 patients were Child A, 11 Child B and one Child C in hepatectomy group and 9 patients Child A and 5 patients Child B in transplantation group. The operative mortality was 10% in hepatectomy group and 35.7% in liver transplantation group. Overall survival was 61.8% at 1 year, 47.1% at 2 years, 38.2% at 3 years and 20% at 5 years. 5 years survival is 21.4% after transplantation and 18.5% after resection. This difference is not significant. In conclusion, according to 5 years survival and to operative mortality the treatment of choice is hepatectomy in HCC in cirrhotic patients. However the best treatment is the prevention of cirrhosis.